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Essay about THE COMPLEXITIES and Ramifications of Down Syndrome

Project id 1002006
Subject area Other
Document type Essay
Words 3469
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Down syndrome, referred to as trisomy 21 also, occurs when a youngster exists with three copies chromosome 21, as possible plainly see in Figure 1. This could be due to three different procedures; nondisjunction, mosaicism, or translocation. Nondisjunction occurs through the reduced amount of chromosomes, from 46 to 23, following the egg and sperm possess combined, causing one parent to pass on 24 rather than 23. Regarding Down syndrome, the excess chromosome is chromosome 21. Mosaicism is a uncommon occurrence, happening “in around one or two percent of Straight down syndrome cases” (Johnson, 2013). Initially, the right amount of chromosomes is offered from the parents, but through the phase following fertilization, when the cellular material quickly are dividing, one cell divides irregularly, creating several cells with a supplementary copy of chromosome 21. A child with this kind of Down syndrome has two types of cells, people that have 46 chromosomes and the ones with 47, and has less serious signs and symptoms of Down syndrome usually. Translocation also rarely occurs quite, and happens during cell division when chromosome 21 breaks and attaches to some other. All cells continue steadily to have 46 chromosomes, however the broken part of chromosome 21 results in signs or symptoms of Down syndrome. Along with Down syndrome come various kinds of defects. Regarding to A. Johnson, “Approximately 30-50% of most children with Straight down syndrome are located to have center defects” (2013). A number of different types of center defects are normal within people who have Down syndrome, but all cause irregular blood circulation patterns to the center, meaning that much less oxygen is usually pumped through your body, resulting in “fatigue, too little energy, and poor muscle tissue tone” (Johnson, 2011). Furthermore, 5-7% of kids with Straight down syndrome hav...

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