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Literature frequently questions the ethical character of human beings: if individuals are born with an innocent, blank slate that is fundamentally good but the planet's tribulations harden their hearts and minds producing complicated creatures of equally good and evil, or whether humans are born only evil and society helps mask the wicked with shallow decency. The novel "To Kill a Mockingbird" by Harper Lee approaches this question by skillfully dramatizing Scout and Jem's evolution from lighthearted childhood naivety to some more austere adult perspective. "To Kill a Mockingbird" is an intricate exploration of individual morality, deftly stripping off the romantic facade of the sleepy South, demonstrating humanity's inherent combination of goodness and evil in its most raw, un-censored form. At the beginning of the novel, Jem and Scout assume individuals are really good since they have never experienced bad. The youth innocence with which Scout and Jem start the novel is immediately jeopardized by numerous incidents that expose the wicked side of the human character, most notably the guilty verdict in Tom Robinson's trial and the vengefulness of Bob Ewell. As the book progresses, Scout and Jem fight to maintain faith in the human capacity for good in light of those recurring cases of individual evil. In order to emphasize their transition from innocence to experience, Lee skillfully utilizes topics like hatred, discrimination, and ignorance to attest that innocent individuals like Tom Robinson and Boo Radley are not prepared for the evil that they encounter, and as a result, they are ruined. The realization that there's true evil within their society shakes Jem, and consequently he loses his faith in humanity and culture as a whole. He held a str...