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Role of Internal and External Factors of First Language Acquisition Essay

Project id 1001556
Subject area Other
Document type Essay
Words 2602
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When a child is first born, they are catapulted into a world of terminology. They are subjected to varying terminology, grammar and intonation and based on where they live on the planet, they will acquire the language of the care givers. The world around them is an external factor that divides First Language Acquisition into a kid so young. Language is believed to be "the central element in the social life of infants". (Eve V. Clark, 2009) Speech is how we, as human beings, communicate. It's vital to our survival. It expresses when we are exhilarated or exhausted, frustrated or angry, stressed or audacious. Without this, we're mute. Therefore, acquiring language once born, is paramount to our existence. According to Noam Chomsky, The human capacity for language is a device that resides in us all. This means we take in data from our surroundings (an external factor) and also we process this as an output and so have the ability to speak and comprehend a language. This notion is called Language Acquisition Device (LAD). (Hoff, 2009) The function of external and internal factors in first language acquisition is vital. They play a major role in the critical period of learning in the kid. External variables can be divided up into social external and individual external factors. The social factors include; socio-economic status (Hoff-Ginsberg, 1998) and birth order (Coates & Messer, 1996), it has also been argued that sex could have a part to perform in first language acquisition. From research on boys and girls under L1 learning, "women acquire vocabulary at a slightly faster rate than boys". (Singleton and Ryan, Language Acquisition: The age factor 2004). The individual external factors include the child's environment and societal i.. .

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