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In ancient Greece citizens expected to go undetected by the Scots. The Gods played a huge role on what occurred in a taxpayer's life. If a prophecy was determined by a God, then there was no shifting it. Aristotle believes that this is what constitutes a real catastrophe. He suggests that catastrophe is plot driven, and if the plot is put then there's no way round it. In Oedipus Rex by Sophocles, Oedipus is paying for the sins of the father King Laios. Laios was awarded horrible long run from the Gods for angering them if he rapes another guy. He had been given a forecast that his son will kill him, and could marry his mother, Queen Jocaste. To protect against the forecast from happening Laios sent his shepherd to kill Oedipus, however, gave him to a messenger from a different kingdom for a different royal family to call their very own. After several years that the prophecy came true with Oedipus murdering Laios and marrying Jocaste, without anybody knowing who Oedipus really was. Aristotle states, "Hence the structure of occasions, the plot, is the objective of disaster, and the objective is the greatest thing of all" (2196). He puts tragedy into two groups: simple and complex. In a simple tragedy the play comes without a peripety or understanding, and it's constant through the catastrophe. Aristotle's definition of a complex catastrophe is when it has a peripety and comprehension over the drama. Peripety is the point where the character feels convinced that joy is close, but then realizes that the most important plot was complete but was not a pleasant one. In Oedipus, he encounters the peripety when the messenger arrives to tell him he is the king of yet another kingdom. After the good news that the messenger and the shepherd inform Oedipus of that which happened when he was a baby, which provides Oedipus sufficient facts to...