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1.0 INTRODUCTION Reefs in their simplest form are made up of stone, sand or coral and are created via an abiotic, biotic, or man-made process. Much like canyons, most reefs are created through an abiotic process. They are naturally made from corrosion and erosion brought on by waves and other ecological elements. One of the most popular kinds of germs are coral reefs which are made via a biotic, never to be mistaken with abiotic, process. Coral reefs are situated in tropical waters and are developed through the invasion of coral and calcareous algae along the edges of reefs, atolls, and islands. There are also artificial reefs that are artificial and employed improve the physiological complexity of a featureless ocean bottom. Artificial reefs bring a varied assortment of organisms, especially fish. 2.0 HISTORY The construction of reefs was in practice for thousands of years. The Ancient Persians used artificial reefs to obstruct the mouth of the Tigris River to control the Indian pirates. They were also in use during the 17th century from the Japanese in order to raise fish yield and aid in the growth of kelp. The oldest artificial reef at the United States was recorded in the 1830вЂ™so when American fisherman placed logs away from the price of South Carolina to improve fishing. Ever since then, South Carolina has been known as the pioneering state for artificial reefs because in accordance with the South Carolina Department of Natural Resources, they see the reefs since a вЂњlong-term investmentsince artificial reefs constructed today can still be in place and fully operational easily throughout another centuryвЂќ. 3.0 TYPES OF ARTIFICIAL REEFS 3.1 Biotic Reef As mentioned before, coral reefs are the most huge and widely distributed type...