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Utilization of International Law to Protect Human Rights Statistics

Project id 1016041
Subject area Biology
Document type Essay
Words 1311
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1. Introduction Treaties would be the highest source of international law besides jus cogens norms that have binding effect on the parties that ratify them.2 Global human rights treaties rely upon the "name and shame" mechanics to pressure countries to improve practices.3 But with "toothless" global human rights standards, moral coercion is not always effective. An empirical research conducted by Professor Oona Hathaway analyzing the impact of human rights treaty ratification on human rights compliance, asserts in its own findings which ratification of human rights treaties has little effect on state practices.4 States do not feel pressured to comply and change their practices, instead, signing treaties is "more likely to cancel the strain instead of augment it." 5 So, is it time to leave human rights treaties and remit protection of individual right to national institutions. Hathaway posits elsewhere that despite this treaties "stay an indispensable tool for the promotion of individual rights." 6 Rather than eliminating this treaty system, it is necessary to improve the monitoring and enforcements mechanism to strengthen the human rights regime to guarantee compliance.7 This article evaluates the extent to which international law serves as a helpful tool for protection of human rights. 2. Development of Human Rights Protection States ratify human right treaties to enter into arrangements and commit each other to respect, protect and fulfill human rights obligations. However, the adherence to human rights treaties is not ensured by the same principle of reciprocity instead to guarantee compliance, collective monitoring and enforcement mechanisms were introduced.8 International organizations and treaty.

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