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History of the Battle of the Spanish Armada The Excellent naval battle between Spain and England in 1588- one of the most important battles in the history of the world- is known as the Battle of the Invincible Armada. But in a feeling, this can be a misnomer. An invincible armada is one which can't be defeated, however the mighty fleet of warships that Spain sent to invade England, was defeated so poorly that Spain could never again rule the seas. How was it possible that this armada, which had awed all of Europe with its size and potency, was not able to stand up against the forces of a far smaller and less effective enemy? The answer can be found in the differences between both of these countries and the rulers, Elizabeth I of England and Philip II of Spain. During the 16th century, Spain was at the peak of her energy. Recently found artifacts and conquests of unique peoples had afforded Spain a wealth of precious metals and gems, which made Spain the envy of all the other European countries. From 1580, King Philip II was ruling over an empire that covered three-fourths of their known world. The ancient Romans would have been jealous of its dimensions. (Walker 15-19) Religion was one of those compelling motives behind the actions and aspirations of Spain. Philip's father, Emperor Charles V, had established himself as the guardian of Christendom. He also had the dream of uniting all of the Christian European countries against the Turks along with the Moors, who'd been terrorizing Catholicism out of 1 end of the Mediterranean to another. But, his dreams had been hindered with the arrival of the Protestant Reformation, which divide Christendom into two elements. (Marx 22-25) Philip II continued in his father's footsteps as the protector of Catholicism. Following the Turks were defeated in a decisive sea battle at 1571, Philip turned his attention to a different serious threat to Christendom: his Protestant neighbors. Devoutly religious and great friends with Pope Sixtus V, he had been willing to utilize all of his resources, such as his treasures from the New World, his big army, and his massive fleet of warships, just to unite Europe under a shared Catholic religion. (Marx 28-33) He likely would have achieved his goal too, if it weren't to its Protestant Queen Elizabeth I of England. England at this time, however, was not nearly as powerful or as wea...