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Increase Mather, a Boston Congregational minister, author and teacher, was a decided figure in the councils of New England during critical periods, in particular into the Salem Witchcraft. In 1683, if he was still in the Massachusetts Bay Colony, he refused to undermine whole obedience to the English Monarchy, in which he said that the complete obedience should only obtain for its God. Such brave action of him prompts the understanding of his clerical puritan ideologies, believing there is only the god and "us" in the world without a middle boundary. It's apparent that he was not just an advocate of faith, but one for puritanism as the portrait of him blatantly shows in his appeal. Moreover, connecting to the Salem Witchcraft being a minister, although Increase did believe in witches since most of the people at the time did , he actually suspected a great deal that "evidence could be faulty and justice might miscarry". He distrusted the event of "spectre evidence" because " a witch could assume the form of an innocent person". When such mistaken evidence was eventually thrown out of court with all the Mathers' along with other ministers' insistence, the entire affair came to an end. The portrait of Reverend Increase Mather by unidentified artist, is an oval oil on canvas one with all the silver or brass elaborate chasing framework's height of 16.5 centimeters, width of 10.3 centimeters, and depth of 1.2 centimeters that's enclosed by a German silver frame with ornate crest. The color of this image seems to be extremely dim, making Mather's face barely distinguishable. This maybe due to the deterioration of this painting over time, given that it had been painted in the 1700s although records do not specify the exact date with ano...