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Benito Mussolini (1883-1945) &Benito Mussolini had been the most fascist dictator of Italy for nearly 20 years. Benito was created in Dovia, a suburb of Predappio, in the northcentral portion of Italy. His dad, Alessando, had been a blacksmith. And his mom, Rosa, was a schoolteacher. As a young man, Mussolini was a Socialist with revolutionary tendencies. He was expelled from 2 schools and later had been in difficulty with the authorities several times. In 1912 he became aware of the Socialist newspaper Avanti, and in 1914 he began his own Socialist newspaper Il Popolo d’Italia. At this time he composed a book, subsequently translated into English as the Cardinal's Mistress. During World War I he served for nearly two years as private in the infantry. &Following the war there was much poverty and industrial unrest in Italy. Mussolini's political viewpoints were changing during that time. The need grew in him are the powerful man of Italy who'd vesture purchase, rule as a dictator, and direct his nation to national greatness. To realize his dream, he formed the Fascist party, called the Blackshirts, of whom he was the recognized leader. In the beginning it was composed mainly of ex-serviceman, the Fascists restored order in Italy by force, breaking up both the Socialist and Communist organizations of the workers. Guided by Mussolini, they planned to seize power and bring to an end to parliamentary democracy, which they most wanted to. &After the Fascists marched on Rome in 1922, King Victor E.. .