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Sonnet 65 Sonnet 65 by Shakespeare asserts that beauty and youth are illusions as they inevitably fade with the consequences of time. The reader is pulled to the age old battle between humankind's desire for immortality and inevitable bodily decay. Shakespeare suggests it is only ideas recorded by 'black ink' (verses) which have some hope of surpassing the test of time. The metaphoric reduction of a legal battle by 'attractiveness' from the 'anger' of time in the first quatrain is intertwined with images of character, to reinforce the thought that evading rust is hopeless. Time's metaphoric 'battering' of this fortress of childhood at the second quatrain warns not humanity's strongest efforts at self preservation could prevent mortality. Using imagery, metaphor, personification, irony, diction, sound patterns, construction and allusion, combine to communicate the message that although time is consuming, there's a chance that the immortality of verse will prevail. Shakespeare is quick to point out in the very first line that nothing in the world can defy the effects of time. To illustrate exactly how destructive a force time is, Shakespeare attempts to list objects in nature which are least exposed to time, such as 'brass', ' 'stone' and 'sea' and then have them overpowered by 'mortality'. This irony is continued in lines three and four where the same items are explained as being '...not stronger than a flower...' against the test of time. This idea is continued with the introduction of a metaphoric legal battle in lines three and four. 'Beauty' is personified to '...hold a plea' against the personified enraged estimate (time). The word 'plea' alludes to the wording of a legal hearing (WBD n.4.) , in which the defendant makes a claim. Shake...