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In this article I shall argue that it's hard to get a foreign power to overcome an insurgency from the insurgent's home land. To begin, I will analyze literature in the field of asymmetric warfare linked to the similarities and differences between guerrilla warfare and terrorism. Finally, I'll take a look at how mathematics within the area can be applied to further our understanding of counterinsurgency campaigns. What's an insurgency? The media does a pretty poor job of differentiating between terrorism and guerrilla warfare. Within the area many scholars do hunt to distinguish between these two phenomena. Understanding this distinction is vital before beginning a discussion of the way to counter insurgent movements. Guerrilla insurgency Theory It seems only logical that in a bid to spell out guerrilla insurgency that we begin with a definition. John Nagl explains that guerrilla "is based on the Spanish word for 'small war'''. Then he follows the mutation of conflict literature from Jomini into Clauseiwtz, to Mao . Jomini had an extremely simple focus which has given the foundation of many military plans. He argued that "the annihilation of the opponent's force was the ideal path to success". This thought "was tainted before World War I to the notion that crime was both practically and morally superior to shield in all instances". He further argues that this has continued to be the mantra of many militaries regardless of the tragic outcomes of WWI. Although Clausewitz and Jomini lived at exactly the exact same time, Clausewitz knew the shift that was caused by the manner that "Napoleon exploited the energy of the French people to produce warfare". This "increase in nationalism meant that individuals and armies were much more intimately linked. .