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Peru and Why They Are Number One The trafficking of illegal drugs is not anything new, however most governments have not found a successful way to stop the manufacturing and distribution of these drugs. These drugs include cannabis, heroin, cocaine and methamphetamine which are commonly known and used daily. The drug trade is the next biggest in the world, valued at around $300-400 billion by the United Nations. Cannabis remains the most widely produced, trafficked and abused illicit substance on earth, with 147 million people using it, evenly to about 2.5% of the world's population; it's being produced in practically every nation. But, second to cannabis and equally as significant is cocaine. Traditionally coca leaves are chewed by the folks living in the Andean countries of South America for centuries, to generate a gentle, stimulating atmosphere. It is said to help with the effects of high altitude and with digestion. The creation of cocaine all began around the year 1860, once the main alkaloid, cocaine, was isolated by the coca leaf. Since then, cocaine is now a very important substance. The production and distribution of cocaine is the most significant to the Andean region of the world, that is composed of Colombia, Peru and Bolivia. They are the top manufacturers of cocaine in the world, and "would be the origin of 95 percent of the cocaine smuggled into the United States". The cocaine business incorporates over 1 million people, from peasant growers, to chemists and chips and to the distributors. In 2012, the White House declared that Peru has become the world's number one producer of cocaine, leaving Colombia, the preceding number one, in next and Bolivia in third. "Over 60,000 hectares of coca crops w.. .