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Poetic and rhetorical devices are used to create the tone of a poem. Having a defined and structured tone, the meaning of a poem can be more clearly and effectively conveyed. The poem "Jehovah buried, Satan dead" by E.E. Cummings has a different meaning that has been heightened by its own tone. The tone is also accented via the use of rhetorical and poetic devices. Some of these devices include onomatopoeia, conceit, slant rhyme, the form, sound, and repetition. Beginning with an evaluation of the meaning, the tone and rhetorical and poetic devices become identifiable. An interpretation of this title and first line, "Jehovah buried, Satan Dead" provides an immediate insight at the significance of the poem. The absence of the Jesus and the devil in the world would cause an absence of religion, and a spiritual void. Without spirituality, the entire world becomes desensitized to emotions and events. "Badness not being felt as bad," (line 3) is a prime example of what Cummings sees as the numbing of individuals to the entire world. In place of spiritual worship is a constant struggle for, and reverence to, material things. People "hock" "Joy" and "Pain" (line 7), speaking to the pawning of emotions in a quest for money. The reliance on technologies and material possessions triggers a loss of individuality, in addition to personal freedom. This loss of individuality is observed in line 10 that reads "your own Harry's Tom, your Tom is Dick;" referring to all men getting indiscernible from ea...