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Identifying DNA Abnormalities Through Genetic Testing Statistics

Project id 1012283
Subject area Biology
Document type Essay
Words 2742
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Genetic testing involves analyzing an individual's DNA and identifying abnormalities within the chemical makeup of particular structures. It, basically, maps the person's genome and could be interpreted to predict future issues. By analyzing the chromosome, genes, and even certain proteins, physicians and researchers could discover changes that result in inheritable disorders. These changes may result in possible diagnosis or cure for the disorder in question. In most cases, genetic testing is used to find out the probability someone will create a certain disorder. It is not used to specifically diagnose a disorder, as there are no techniques which are 100% accurate. Genetic testing techniques do give good proof to confirm a physician's findings, however it is not the first action a doctor takes to diagnose a disorder. It can narrow a search or rule a particular disorder very confidently, but creating a diagnosis based solely upon genetic testing is not an action that a qualified medical professional would consider. There are lots of types of genetic tests which are administered to the mature population. The commonly used genetic tests are paternity tests, genealogical tests, and forensic testing. They are quite self-explanatory; paternity tests are to determine relatedness of two subjects, genealogical evaluations are used to formulate a legacy or ancestry, and forensic testing is used to identify or rule out a person that's been charged with a crime. Other genetic tests incorporate presymptomatic testing, used to find out the threat someone has to developing a genetic disorder, diagnostic screening, utilized to rule out or identify a suspected illness, and carrier screening, used to determine whether an individual carries a single copy of a gene mutati...

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