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Blacks were introduced to the North America during the 17th and 18th centuries throughout the trade route, and were welcomed by chains, ropes, and all of the horrors of captivity. Slavery was legalized by the US government and continued for a few hundred decades, taking a civil war along with sixteen presidents before it was forbidden. Even today, there is still much hatred between whites and blacks regardless of desegregation and integration; a few would argue that the condition of African Americans from the United States is still one of a subservient character. Federal law defines a hate crime because if a victim is assaulted on the grounds of his or her race, ethnicity, religion, sexual orientation, or sex; hate offenses are made against members of a specific group simply because of their membership in that category (Levin 4). In 1998 an African American was brutally murdered in Texas. There are more than a hundred homicides committed each year, however the manner in which this lifetime was taken and the apparent motive of his executers leaves no doubt that this crime was full of hate. In this brutal murder, the motivation is obvious and apparent, the explanation is so simple that it almost hits you in the facearea. James Byrd Jr.'s departure is America's shame: another man tortured for no reason- besides the color of the skin. I'll use the Byrd murder to learn more about the cause and effects of hate crimes, and endeavor to draw meaning from it so that a tragedy like this will not happen again. In the first morning of June 7, 1998, a black man was walking with a road in Jasper, Texas. James Byrd Jr. had just left a niece's bridal shower in his parents' house, and was attempting to hitch a ride home. A car drove by and the owner of the vehicle, Shawn Berry, offered Byrd a lift at the rear of the pickup. Byrd, jumped into one leg did not hesitate to take the actually kind sign; little did he suspect his destiny that was to follow. Angered, one of the passengers from the name of John King caught the wheel and drove into a dark deserted road outside of town. What happened afterward certainly must be among the most dreadful and horrifying crimes this country has witnessed since the day's slavery was legal. King and the final member of the trio, Lawrence Brewer, got out of the truck and began beating and kicking on Byrd till he was nearly unconscious. Subsequently they chained him by his ankles to the back of.