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In Ceremony, Leslie Silko brilliantly scattering racial trends of humor in order to cure the absurd delusions readers might have, if we think we are superior to Indians or inferior to whites, or maybe superior to whites or even poor to Indians. Silko plays off adoring Pueblo humor against the black comedy so notable in 20th-century white culture. This comic strategy gets the end-result of opening our eyes to our general foolishness, and also to the prospect of mixing the merits of all races. Joseph Campbell wrote in The Inner Reaches of Outer Space of the change in mythologies away from your tribal and local toward a mythology which will emerge in "this unified land as of a single harmonious being." Ceremony is a work that changes local mythologies in that more inclusive spirit. Silko is the perfect man to have written this novel. She herself is a mixed-blood, and her experience has apparently given her access not just into a variety of difficulties, but also to a variety of fashions of clowning and joking... Although Ceremony is serious, offering several valuable propositions to our consideration, the narrative also spins a variety of jokes at the morning sunshine... The ceremony Silko narrates is that of a Navajo sing, but one not sung exactly as it would have been completed before whites came in New Mexico, nor sung by a pure-blood Indian, nor outspoken on behalf of some pure-blood Indian. As is traditional, the service is to be completed after the sing from the sick person, a Laguna named Tayo. His attempts to finish the ceremony by proper action form the last half of this novel, just as the first half had been composed of those events which made him sick. Both of these series of events, taken together, ensure it is clear that what the Veterans' Administrati...