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Migration of the human inhabitants began over a million years ago starting in Africa and after over Asia and Europe. Since the beginning of human presence, migration has continued through both voluntary migration in one's nation or elsewhere and through involuntary migration, which includes the slave trade and human trafficking. The motion of labor into capital can simply illustrate modern migration, in its purest form. Because of the constant migration of individuals throughout the world, the assimilation of many cultures was forced. This subsequently resulted in inherent problems like cultural alienation and ethnic fragmentation to exist in society. In each of the short stories, "One Out of Many" written by Nobel laureate V.S. Naipaul and "The Old Chief Mshlanga" composed by Nobel laureate Doris Lessing, the writers can successfully state the subject matter of cultural alienation and fragmentation through careful evaluation of class and race in each of the tales various societies. In "One Out of Many," Naipaul uses the literary device known as "flow of consciousness" in order to efficiently tell the story of immigrants that emigrate to the United States of America. Naipaul tells the story through a Indian man from the title of Santosh, who is emigrating from Bombay to America together with his "master". Santosh's activities and thoughts of American life and culture has been demonstrated unequivocally throughout the work. Naipaul starts his exposition of cultural alienation throughout the evaluation of course. The author allows the reader to observe Santosh's discomfort while he is on the airplane traveling to America. (Norton 1662) During this monitoring, the reader notes Santosh's reduction of his conventional Indian caste individuality and also his subseque...