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Niko Tinbergen's Four Queries Essay

Assignment id 1009172
Discipline Biology
Assignment type Essay
Words 2806
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Consider at least two of Tinbergen's 'four questions' with regards to filial imprinting. Tinbergen’s ‘four questions’ identifies a publication from 1963 by Niko Tinbergen, among the founding fathers of behavioural biology (Giraldeau, 2012). Where he outlined four queries in the analysis of animal behaviour, namely causation, development, function referred to as the survival development and value. Although Tinbergen’s questions weren't original, as causation, function and evolution questions had recently been discussed previously by biologist Julian Huxley, Tinbergen added a fourth question to the analysis of animal behaviour regarding development (Giraldeau, 2012). The four questions are split into two groups causal or proximate queries, and ultimate or practical questions, and so are also known as the four why instead of questions. The questions covered different perspectives regarding animal behaviour such as for example Function: looking at how well an animal’s behaviour has adapted for survival, for instance birds flying south for winter to make sure a viable way to obtain food. Whilst also drawing on Darwin’s theory of evolution to spell it out a trait that results in reproductive success, with the understanding that survival might not just be the fittest but also the most adaptable species, and the functions that the pet takes to make sure optimum success. The next of Tinbergen’s queries Phylogeny talks about the evolutionary explanations of advancement, instead of precisely how behaviour has adapted, including mutations in response to environmental adjustments. A few of these mutations stay in species even after requirement has gone, and may influence future characteristics of this species. The 3rd of Tinbergen’s questions talks about Causation,...

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