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Essay on Newborn Genetic Screening

Project id 1008472
Subject area Biology
Document type Essay
Words 3283
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The purpose of newborn genetic screening would be to screen newborns for possible health concerns. Newborn genetic screening started in 1965 with the testing of a single disorder, phenylketonuria (WDHS). Ever since then, newborn genetic screening has developed and more than 4 million newborns are screened at the U.S. every year (CCHC Report). Presently, in the state of Wisconsin, there are 47 distinct disorders that are analyzed for (WDHS). The process of screening newborns is a comparatively brief procedure. Prior to a newborn leaves the hospital a nurse pricks its heels and takes a couple of drops of blood and deposits it on a particular test paper. The paper is then sent to a laboratory where technicians look for ailments in their genes. Wisconsin law (statues chapter 253.13) "requires that all infants born in hospitals in Wisconsin have newborn screening before they leave the hospital." The screening costs $69.50 however is covered by most health insurances, if it is not covered it is encouraged that contact is made with the Newborn Screening Coordinator at the Wisconsin Division of Public Health. However, $69.50 may be the price to pay for the peace of mind knowing that your baby is healthy. Sickle cell anemia is found in one out of every two African Americans (google health). Sickle cell anemia has been passed down through families and creates red blood cells shape in a crescent form. However, red blood cells are usually a disc shape. This is a very painful disorder that needs ongoing treatment and without treatment life expectancy of the patient is dramatically decreased. With newborn genetic screening it is possible to catch this disease early in life and ensure the right remedies that may save the newborns life. Discovering a hereditary illness like sickle cell...

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