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The Tempest, considered by many to be Shakespeare's farewell to the theater, has of of his plays with the very remarkable interpretive richness. The exceptional flexibility of Shakespeare's stage is given particular prominence in The Tempest due to its creativity and analytic potential, in particular in the presentation of one of the very renowned and contested figures, Caliban. Superficially portrayed in the play as a most detestable monster, Caliban does not evoke much sympathy. But on further evaluation Caliban introduces himself as a very complex character and shortly his apparent monstrosity is not too obviously transparent. The wide range of presentations of him on stage exemplifies Caliban's multifarious character. Although Caliban attempts to rape Miranda, appearing to be nothing more complex than a degenerate monster and so should be presented as such, Caliban is actually a human being and not a creature, misunderstood only because Prospero, the colonizer, has unjustly depicted him as being merely a primitive native. At the time of The Tempest, settlers began moving out of Britain to colonize America, Africa and parts of Asia. Laying a claim to overseas territory was becoming increasingly important to national identity and power. The voyages of Christopher Columbus and Vasco da Gama sparked what has come to be known as the age of European Expansion, when England and the rest of Europe began devoting their energies to exploring and developing markets overseas. After the Tempest was written, these immensely important social events were on the top of everyone's mind, including, presumably, Shakespeare's. It is for this reason that the play is often considered an allegory of European discovery and i.. .