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The Garden-Path Model as a Technique of Sentence Processing Essay

Project id 1004243
Subject area Biology
Document type Essay
Words 2271
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Fraizer and Rayner (1982) put forward the garden-path model as a method of sentence processing, utilized when falling odd sentences. The model states that when a reader or listener comes across an odd sentence just one syntactical structure is primarily considered. After reaching a vital point in the sentence, when the meaning attributed doesn't operate, we have to backtrack and reconstruct the structure of this sentence. Once reparsing the sentence we can then arrive at the ideal explanation of the sentence (Harley, 2008). A vast number of investigative research was conducted to support the garden-path model and especially the key principles it utilizes (Harley 2008). Studies looking at eye-movements (Ferreira & Clifton, 1986) along with word-by-word self paced reading (Ferreira & Henderson, 1990) have also found evidence we utilize the garden-path version of parsing when we come across ambiguous sentences. But since the garden-path model was first introduced, there has been a great amount of evidence that disputes the major claims the version adheres to. Studies with EEG data have discovered that we use world knowledge and word meaning quite ancient in sentence processing, which strongly contradicts the different ideas of this garden-path model (Hagoort, Hald, Bastiaansen & Petersson, 2004). Additionally, there are many theories that state we emphasise difficult sentences in a different way to this one the garden-path version indicates. For instance the constraint based theory implies that we compute more than one syntactical alternative simultaneously, (MacDonald, Pearlmutter & Seidenburg, 1994) and the unrestricted race version, (Van Gompel, Pickering & Traxler, 2000) suggests that semantic information can also be utilized in sentence processing. So this essay will d.. .

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