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Introduction Magnets are rocks which make magnetic fields. The magnetic field is undetectable, but is responsible for its most noticeable facet of a magnet: the attraction of a metal object or the repulsion of another magnet. Magnets can be found in ordinary everyday household things: charge cards, TVs, speakers, motors, and compasses. A magnets potency is measured by its magnetic moment. ("Magnetism") Just how does it all begin? There are legends surrounding the discovery of magnets. One of the more prevalent ones is that an elderly shepherd named Magnes, was herding his sheep in Magnesia, a place in Northern Greece about 4,000 years ago. While he was apprehended, the nail of his shoes became stuck on the floor where his sheep were grazing. The stone was supposable termed either after him or the area where the stone was uncovered. ("Canada Science and Technology Museum.") Another story of magnetism dates back into first century B.C. composed by the Greek poet, Lucretius. Several years following its discovery, magnets were believed to posses magical powers; yet, it can heal the sick and ward off bad ghosts. Afterwards, people realized that it brought iron, and if cut to the shape of a needle or if held by a bit of string, magnets pointed in a north-south direction. It was subsequently known as a lodestone, or "resulting rock," because it direct them either south or north. ("Canada Science and Technology Museum.") Who found magnets? The first time we understand about turbo was in 1269, when a soldier named Peter Peregrinus, wrote a letter about what which was known at the time about a rock called magnetite. It is reported that he had been composing this if he was guarding the walls of Lucera, a small city in Italy. It is also noted that, "While people insi...