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Managing Stress when Undergoing Diagnostic Evaluation for Esophageal

Assignment id 1003833
Discipline Biology
Assignment type Essay
Words 1568
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Managing Stress when Undergoing Diagnosic Evaluation for Breast Cancer Literature Review Breast cancer is the most common cancer in women. In 2008, more than one million girls underwent a diagnostic test for suspected breast cancer. Roughly 182,500 girls of the greater than one million that obtained an evaluation received a positive diagnosis (Montgomery, 2010). Risk factors associated with breast Cancer include: sex, age, family history, previous breast cancer, previous biopsy, race and ethnicity, breast density, and long menstrual history because of prolonged hormonal stimulation. Modifiable related risk factors also have hormone replacement therapy, alcohol, weight, and physical action (Giurescu, Hu, Obembe, 2010). The interval between the initial discovery of a breast lump until identification is known to cause substantial suffering and distress in patients (Liao, Chen, Chen, Chen, 2009). Patients want to take care during this interval as “unresolved distress may result in potential psychological health and adjustment difficulties” (Lally, 2010). Patients with suspected breast cancer that obtained informational and emotional supportive care during their diagnosis period have a better psychological status when compared with patients who didn't receive supportive care. The care received should be equally culturally sensitive and individualized for each patient. Moreover, patients attention should be coupled with constant evaluation of psychological and emotional status. A study was conducted to investigate the effect of encouraging care on stress levels of girls throughout the diagnostic period. Supportive care comprised analysis of the participants healthcare and service nee...

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