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The worth of Physical Education into the Ancient Greeks and Romans Throughout history, society has placed an alternate value on physical education and sport. The purpose of physical education has shifted over different time periods and as a result of ever-changing socio-cultural occasions. Some civilizations utilize the tradition of physical education to get ready for war, some for profit, and some to get a general all-around development. Three ancient cultures are of particular value to development of physical education. The Athenian Greeks, the Spartan Greeks, and the Romans each had their particular beliefs about the brain, body, and spirit. While these early civilizations appreciated physical development to varying degrees, they're all worthy of evaluation within a sport and physical education context. In ancient Athens, the all-around citizen was valued. To the Athenians, physical education was essential to realize all-around mental, moral, and physical excellence. The Greek gods personified the notion, known as arГЄte. The 12 chief gods of the Olympic Council possessed superior intellectual and physical capabilities, such as endurance, strength, agility, and bravery. They personified the Greek Ideal, which emphasized the unity of this "man of action" with all the "person of wisdom" (Lumpkin, 1990, p.167). "The Greek Ideal became the Athenian Ideal as this city-state hunted to provide an educational platform that encouraged boys to develop their physical and mental skills" (Lumpkin, 1990, p.168). Boys enhanced their physical prowess in order to prepare for war and also to depict the aesthetic elegance of their body. In Athenian society, the idyllic body has been harmoniously proportioned, alert, and physically fit for both military and civil duties.