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The Roman Empire was, without a doubt , the most powerful governing body in the Mediterranean that was. In the peak of the Roman Empire, in the mid part of the century, it covered roughly half of Europe, a lot of the Middle East, along with the north coast of Africa. Why did Rome fall? There was not 1 reason that led to the fall of Rome, but many things occurring in succession to one another. After the reign of Tiberus, there were lots of poor leaders, two of which were Caligula and Nero. Caligula killed his sister, among many other individuals and made his favourite horse a senator. Nero murdered his wife and mother also has been accused of setting fire to Rome. Such deeds were common because the laws of the empire preferred the rich landowners and who ordered and were the target of many assassinations (Gibbon, 70). It's true as it's said that Rome wasn't built in a day. Nor did it drop each day. Many factors contributed to the ruin of the Roman Empire. The two most important factors were this: that the cities consumed without producing and disease ravaged the Roman world. After the Punic wars with Carthage, Rome acquired many new lands that it didn't have before. The farmers of those lands came to the towns, only knowing how to farm and fight wars. With their farms had been destroyed, some managed to struggle for the professional army, while others were left without a thing to do. These very first families had no abilities to pass down to their descendants. Generations passed and there were no more people that understood how to farm or earn a living. The powers of Rome made this worse by not teaching the masses which first came into the cities after the Punic Wars (Stambaugh, 125). During peace times it was simple to govern these areas but du...