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Different Categories of Genetic Testing Statistics

Assignment id 1003075
Discipline Biology
Assignment type Essay
Words 1840
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Genetic testing is fundamentally the analysis of an individual's DNA to find out if they are susceptible to certain diseases or are carriers which may cause their own offspring suffering from a hereditary disorder. Genetic testing is able to do so by suggesting if there are any abnormalities or mutations in a individual's chromosomes, genes, or proteins. According to the Genetics Home Reference which is a service of the U.S. National Library of Medicine, "more than 1,000 genetic tests are currently in use, and more are being improved (Genetics Home Reference, 2014)." There are three unique sorts of genetic testing including gene evaluations, chromosomal tests, and biochemical tests. Gene evaluations, or molecular genetic evaluations, pinpoint any deviations or mutations in individual genes or short lengths of DNA and RNA which may cause a genetic disorder. Chromosomal tests check for a genetic disorder by assessing for larger genetic variations in entire chromosomes and long spans of DNA. Biochemical tests concentrate on proteins and enzyme activity (FAQ About Genetic Testing, 2014). Different genetic testing methods are available to both adults and embryos. Testing performed on adults usually happens so as to figure out whether or not they are a carrier and can pass a genetic disease onto their own offspring. Conversely, testing executed on embryos reveals if they're a victim of a specific genetic disorder. The kind of genetic testing that adults experience to be able to determine if they are carriers is known as preconception or carrier testing. According to NYU Langone Medical Center "There are just two ways that carrier testing is done. 1 way is by direct analysis of these genes. The enzymes are extracted from cells. The genes are analyzed for mutati...

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