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Article on Lee Vygotsky's Theory of Learning

Project id 1002837
Subject area Biology
Document type Essay
Words 3447
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Lev Vygotsky developed his theory of learning in the 1920's but it was not till the late 1960's that his thoughts about learning became popular and were used to bring about "Constructivism" as a technique of teaching. (Krause [et al.] 2010 p. p81). Vygotsky believed that learning and cognitive growth were greatly influenced by social interactions which occur with in a particular sociocultural environment. There are four key influences on cognitive growth. • The social/cultural environment • The impact of speech • Role of personal language • The Zone of Proximal Development. (Krause [et al.] 2010 p. p81). The cultural and social environment is considered a pivotal impact on cognitive growth because all social interactions are based on the prevailing culture. As the child interacts with its social and cultural environment, carers are subconsciously transmitting the culture that is prevalent it's up to adults to "socialise" the children to the right skills so they can function appropriately. The focus on social interaction affecting cognitive development affects how students are educated. Class room surroundings will need to allow social interaction because a key part of learning activities. This social interaction permits pupils to learn from both the instructor and their peers through collaborative activities. Teachers that promote discussion will lead students to think critically and this will assist in providing significance to fresh details. (Powell & Kalina, 2009 p245) Language has a substantial effect on cognitive development as based on Vygotsky language precedes thinking. (Powell, Katherine C, Kalina, Cody J p241) A frequent language is vital for individuals to interact socially. Language is...

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