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Individuals That Contributed To The Civil War The Civil War was brought about by many significant people, some which wanted to conserve and some that wanted to eradicate the key reason for the war, slavery. There were the political leaders, such as Abraham Lincoln, and Stephen Douglas. You will find seditious abolitionists such as John Brown, escaped slaves such as Dred Scott, and abolitionist writers like Harriet Beecher Stowe. These would be the people who, ultimately, brought a beginning to the end of what Lincoln called "a moral, a social, and a political wrong"(Oates 66). European states, including the 11 countries that formed the Confederacy, relied on slavery to support their economy. Southerners used slave labor to produce crops, especially cotton. Although slavery was prohibited in the Northern nations, only a tiny proportion of Northerners actively opposed it. The major discussion between the North and the South on the eve of this war was whether slavery ought to be permitted from the Western lands recently acquired throughout the Mexican war, which included New Mexico, part of California, and Utah. "Opponents of captivity were worried about its growth, in part because they didn't want to compete against slave labour"(Oates 15). In 1851, a literary event startled the country. Harriet Beecher Stowe, an American author and abolitionist, wrote an antislavery novel, Uncle Tom's Cabin, that was published serially in a paper and in book form in 1852. "It was a strong indictment of slavery as well as one of the most powerful novels of its type in Western literature. The achievement of the book was unprecedented, selling 500,000 copies in america alone within five decades, and it had been translated into over 20 foreign languages"(Oates 29). It had been widely read in the States and abroad, and moved many to join the reason for abolition. The South indignantly denied this indictment of captivity. "Stowe's publication increased partisan feeling over slavery and intensified sectional differences. It did much to solidify militant antislavery attitude in the North, and therefore was an important element in the start of the American Civil War"(Oates 31). In 1854, Congress passed the Kansas-Nebraska Act, which created the territories of Kansas and Nebraska, also stated that each land could be admitted as a country "with...