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Maria Montessori was born in 1870 in the town of Chiaravalle, Italy. Her dream was to become an engineer but luckily for us she ended up being the first woman to graduate from the University of Rome La Sapienza Medical School, becoming the first female doctor in Italy. Montessori became intrigued with trying to teach the "special needs" or "unhappy little ones" [Michael Olaf's Essential Montessori: School Edition for ages 3-12+] Dr. Maria Montessori was a great kid theorist. Dr. Montessori's first notable victory was once she had a number of her eight year old pupils use to take the State assessments for writing and reading. The children who were "faulty" did not just pass but had above average scores. Following the results came in Maria believed "If mentally disabled children might be brought on the degree of normal kids then (she) wanted to study the capacity of 'normal' kids" [Michael Olaf's Essential Montessori: School Edition for ages 3-12+]. With the success of working with these children she had been asked to start a school in a housing project in Rome, that was opened on January 6 1907, which had been called Casa dei Bambini or Children's House. Montessori was concentrated on teaching the children how to develop their own skills at their own rate, which was a principle Dr. Montessori called "spontaneous self-development". [Early Childhood Today, p. 74.] Montessori found that children's inborn power for learning worked best when the children were able to be left in a secure, along with a hands on environment. When the kids were awarded furniture, equipment, and materials they were able to operate by themselves, they were likewise self-motivated to explore experiment and reach new understandings. Montessori found self...