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Financial Management and Analysis Table of Contents Introduction 3 Presentation of the companies 3 Ratio evaluation of the firms 5 Profitability ratios 5 Liquidity ratios 7 Efficiency ratios 9 Gearing ratios 11 Investment ratios 12 Ratio analysis weaknesses and strengths 14 Introduction Financial analysis involves the use of different financial statements, that perform many roles. Fundamentals of financial analysis consist of a balance sheet and income statement. Income statement shows revenues and expenses of enterprises over a definite length of time, usually for one year or semester. Balance sheet shows the assets, liabilities and owner's equity at a specific point in time (usually at the end of the year or semester) (http://www.accountingcoach.com/accounting-equation/explanation). Therefore we see that the balance sheet of the company's shows fiscal health at a particular point in time, and an income statement summarizes the sustainability of the business over time. Inside this report, a comparison between the two companies will be accomplished through ratio analysis. Biotech products, which accounted for over 7 percent of revenue, generated from the ten top-selling treatments globally in 2001, created around 71 percent of the top 10 last year. The amount of biopharmaceutical medical products in clinical trials grew 155% in 11 decades, from 355 in 2001 to 907 in 2012, with big pharmaceutical companies involved in about 40% of all biotech products in development in 2012. The Tufts CSDD (Center for the study and drug development) analysis, that examined R&D, pipeline (drugs that have entered into clinical trials and are pending FDA approval) and sales data for three specific time points - 2002, 2007.