Get help with any kind of project - from a high school essay to a PhD dissertation
Cancer and Terry Tempest Williams' Refuge "I cannot prove my mother, my grandmothers, together with my aunts developed cancer in nuclear fallout in Utah. But I can't prove they didn't." Epilogue, Refuge In Terry Tempest Williams's Refuge, death slowly claimed almost all the women of her family. Death took Williams' family members one by one just a couple of decades apart. In every instance, the cause was cancer. Williams insisted in the epilogue that fall-out from the 1951-62 nuclear testing in Utah brought cancer to her family. Because there are a number of different causes of cancer, such as genetic and environmental factors, it's difficult for one to insist that nuclear fall-out causes cancer. For that reason, it's important to find out how and why nuclear fall-out can lead to cancer and relate it to Williams' claim that there is a connection between cancer within her loved ones and nuclear fall-out. The risks that can develop cancer are complicated and complex. To indicate one single cause of cancer is hard. However, certain environmental causes are strongly interrelated with the cause of particular cancers, such as cigarette smoking and lung cancer and exposure to ultraviolet (UV) light and skin cancer (CancerSource). It is also known that, "Ionizing radiation is made up of x-rays, UV light, and radioactivity whose energy can damage cells and chromosomes. Radioactivity raises the probability of cancer." Source to indicate the effects of radioactivity is the U.S bombing of Hiroshima and Nagasaki. After all these years, the Japanese are still suffering from all types of cancer caused by many long lived chemicals such as Strontium-90 and Cesium-147 from the fallout. "High rate of leukemia" was found among the men and women who had survived Hiroshima and Nagasa...