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Encoding in Short Term Memory Aim: To make participants rely upon their temporary memory by utilizing visual intakes/coding of 6 against the consonants B, F, C, M, N, P, S, T, V and X, because the speed was to fast to the participants to keep them they had to rely upon their memory. Process: participants were revealed random sequences of six speech taken from the consonants B, F, C, M, N, P, S, T, V and X. Six characters have been revealed in rapid sequence in a display and participants were needed to write them down since they looked. Findings: Errors have been mentioned and speed of presentation was too quickly for its participants to keep up so they needed to rely on memory. Conrad found that the significant majority included the substitution of a similar sounding letter such as 'b' to get 'v' and 's' to get 'x'. At a similar study he also found that participants found it tough to remember a series of acoustically similar characters. Conclusions: He concluded that's such acoustic confusion provided evidence for acoustic programming in STM. Criticisms: В· On the negative side, he only used six particular constants he could of found out more if he had utilized a lager set of letters. В· Also people in real life often learn lists like this so it would be new to their memory not a regular thing they generally use. Capacity in short term memory - Jacobs (1887) Aim: To investigate how much data can be stored in a memory. Procedure: A lab experiment utilizing digit span technique was conducted. Participants were also presented with a sequence of letters of digits. Which they have been required to successive recall. The speed of.