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Learning is described as a "process of change that occurs as a result of an individual's expertise" (Mazure, 2006). Researchers suppose that the practice of learning follows certain general principles, which have been developed, into the general process learning concepts. These include operant conditioning and classical conditioning which has been put forward by top manufacturers such as Pavlov, B.F.Skinner and Thorndike. Nonetheless, in learning, operant and classical conditoning are opposed by biological limitations that say that there are limitations to the concepts. Some of these biological constraints on learning will be discussed below. Learning through operant conditioning enables a conditioned behaviour to increase or decrease in the presence of reinforcement or punishment. However, this procedure may be affected by instinctive behaviours that could disrupt the conditioned behaviour. According to a study conducted by Breland and Breland (1961) that they attempted to state a raccoon to pick up coins and drop them in a container. The raccoon nevertheless spent some time rubbing on the coins together and rubbing the coin on the inside of the container before ultimately dropping it receiving its food reinforcement. Even after conditioning, the raccoon's need to rub the coins together became worse since he spent an increasing number of time just rubbing the coins. This is referred to as instinctive drift where the raccoon's instinctive behaviors limited its ability to perform the conditioned response. Therefore the raccoon failed to understand due to its innate tendencies that acted as a biological constraint and operant conditioning failed in teaching the raccoon by way of reinforcement. In precisely the same study by Breland and Breland (1961) that a pig had been conditioned to pick up wo...