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Intro: Middle East considers among the most studied regions on earth because of the abundant history of politics, social, economic, and its culture and culture. Its boundaries continue to be arguable geographically, normally in the west it starts from morocco before Iran from the east, but several scholars don't agree on including Turkey either as a Middle Eastern or as a European nation (Milton-Edwards, 2006. 1: 4). The origin of the name was invented by the colonies because of necessity to describe the location geographically, which had been the age of attracting "Middle East" the language of academic writings and scientists. Changes, innovations, and new ideologies generate gaps between the transformations of some viewpoints to another degree of monitoring. The transformation of Middle East from being colonies to independent states was not an overnight event, since it's passed through many occurrences and required many years in order to transform to what is called modern countries. To begin with, it has to be know what a modern country means and how difficult it had been for Middle Eastern nations to fill the western definition of modern state. In accordance with (Drogus and Orvis, 2012) modern state characteristics are: land, sovereignty, legitimacy, and bureaucracy. Despite of the value of Safawi and Abasi empires from the Middle East, this paper will explain briefly the collapse of ottoman empire and state creation after world war one, with highlighting some of the routines of this transition such as social, political and economic, consequently after identifying the significant issues of this transition, that are identity, territoryand cultural hegemony, economic integration, and autonomy of the nation, two illustrations of Egypt, and Algeria w.. .