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Elizabeth Bishop's "One Art" is a retrospective contemplation on the way that it should be simple to take care of losses. The poem is arranged as a villanelle and, as such, has a refrain. The refrain does not change structurally however, it's meaning changes as the poem progresses. Bishop achieved this largely through the development of imagery in the villanelle which goes out of shallow objects to references from people and places that are deeply personal to the speaker. The speaker's fracture in her positive façade in the last stanza also contributes to the shift in the extend's significance as it reveals the way the speaker is not so unaffected by losses. Likewise, the reproduction of tragedy helps frame the evolution of the refrain's meaning as the word is used in various contexts. Last but not the least, the expand structure and diction make it the flexibility needed for the meaning to modify. The poem follows the structure of the villanelle quite carefully. "One Art" includes five tercets and one quatrain which have the exact same two copying rhymes. The villanelle additionally needs two refrains which are introduced from the first tercet since the first and last line and then are alternately used as the last line of each tercet before the quatrain in which they are used as the fourth and third line. In the poem, there's one clear stretch that's "The art of losing is not tough to master" (Bishop, 1). This refrains is fairly constant throughout this poem. However, Bishop doesn't strictly adhere to the villanelle arrangement when dealing with the second refrain. The second refrain isn't a typical refrain because in it isn't a repeated line but a repeated word. Bishop employs the word "disaster" (Bishop, 3) at the area of a whole entire line (for emotion's sake during this essay i.. .