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Portugal Portugal is a country located in southwestern Europe, situated on the western section of the Iberian Peninsula. It is bounded on the west and north by Spain, also at the west and south by the Atlantic Ocean. The total area of metropolitan Portugal is 35,655 sq mi. The capital and largest city is Lisbon. The weather in Portugal is varied with considerable rainfall and noticeable seasonal temperatures in north; dryer states in the south with mild temperatures along the coast but sometimes in the low 40°Cs in the inside. The population of Portugal was estimated at 10.5 million in 1992 using a growth rate of 0.4 percent in 1992. In Portugal primary education (age six to twelve) and junior high school (age thirteen to fifteen) is free and compulsory, but since many children began working at early age, primary education was all schooling many children received. Senior high school (age sixteen to seventeen) had academic and vocational components. Twelfth grade (age eighteen) prepared youths for university and technical college. Estimated literacy rate for those over age fifteen in 1990 was 85 percent. In Portugal there is an uneven provision of health care. Health care available ranges from high quality to that prevalent in the Third World. Many Portuguese, especially those residing in rural locations, are not able to enjoy liberal health benefits provided for in legislation. Infant mortality rate as greatly improved in the last few decades to an estimated rate of 6.05 per 1,000 in 1992. Life expectancy is seventy-one years for males and seventy-eight for females in 1992. The ethnic groups in Portugal are mainly a Mediterranean stock on mainland, Azores, and Madeira Islands. There are less than 100,000 citiz...