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Society has been "a coordinated group periodically meeting because of common interests or beliefs; distinguishable by specific goals or standards of living; or even a social circle with a clearly marked identity". Because society has "particular aims or standards of living", it limits people on what they can and cannot do according to their particular aims. Society consequently becomes oppressive and rejects what does not follow its usual way. Edith Wharton reveals that this in her literary works and also reveals the severeness of following this oppression. Wharton, author of Age of Innocence and Ethan Frome, reveals that society is oppressive and restricts individuals of what they really want in both of these different novels. The atmosphere demonstrates that regardless of the place or individuals, society will always limit. Ethan Frome occurs in a tiny, bad place named Starkfield, whilst Age of Innocence occurs in the huge city of New York. New York is a large, wealthy city with complex men and women who have higher standards and only anticipate the "best" behavior. In Age of Innocence, no family invites Beaufort to dinner or some other social events because of his undesirable social standing. He divorced his wife for a mistress that was unheard of in that time. Society had tried to restrict him to stay with his wife, also since he refused that he's punished socially. At Ethan Frome, the city looks down to Ethan Frome and his family due to their past and their dissimilarity into the remainder of the town. Mr. Hale doesn't pay Ethan if he asks to the progress, because he is taking advantage of Ethan. He is behaving as the oppressor like society; and Ethan doesn't assert and therefore is like a follower being restricted, since he didn't get paid. Additionally, wh...