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Everything started with the travesty that's it bubonic plague. Transported by fleas , tens of thousands of people's lives were missing before it was over. After the plague, Western Europe went through a period of "rebirth"- known as the Renaissance. This time period was dominated from the esteemed Queen Elizabeth I and is also referred to as the Elizabethan Era. As the Elizabethan Era was an age of great opportunity, much advancement has been made in the fields of science and mathematics, exploration, industry, culture, and the arts, all which were employed by rulers of the moment. To begin with, many scientists and mathematicians found things and established principles, such as the scientific method, that are still practiced today. After the bubonic plague, the population of London increased by 400% (Pressley). The creation of the printing press also aided the spread of wisdom. Furthermore, "the Middle Ages weren't ignorant of science by any means" (Alchin). Arguably the most renowned astronomers of all time, Nicholas Copernicus and Galileo Galilei revolutionized the field. Copernicus speculated that Earth, along with other planets, revolves round the sun; a contradiction to the frequent belief that the sun revolves around Earth. On the other hand, Galileo crafted one of the earliest telescopes and proved Copernicus's theory. Johannes Kepler was a German mathematician that worked out the mathematical laws of planetary motion. His investigations "led to the discovery of the principle of gravitation" (Alchin). Andreas Vesalius had the initial thorough description of the human body. Vesalius was the creator of body. William Harvey discovered the principles of blood flow. Harvey was the creator of human physiology. As a result, "Copern...