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The decades leading up to the American Civil War showed a great split in the economical, political, and regional attitudes between the North and South. These divisions still plague the nation today. But, there's a divide on whether economic anxieties or political differences were that the major factor in the run up to the Civil War. According to Michael F. Holt, economics didn't play a lot of role leading up to the American Civil War. Although, an individual can assert that political and economic issues go together. Mr. Holt does not see economic differences as the most important reason behind the American Civil War. He points to the fact that these economical an industry gaps had been in existence for many decades prior to the war with very little friction. Bruce Levine, on the other hand, points to economics as the main reason for the Civil War. He points to two distinct economies between the North and South which had significantly distinct demands. The Northern market was on of industrialization, urbanization, and the embrace of new technologies, such as the use of trains for transport, and shipping products. Factories were built. City living, and paid labor became the way of life for much of the North. Slavery was never really a factor to the Northern economy, so non-slave owners in the North, greatly out numbered the small number of slave owners that remained. Alderman-Roy2 In the South, however, the economy was predominantly agricultural. Cotton and tobacco plantations relied heavily on the free labor of slaves for their economic prosperity. They saw the urbanization and industrialization of the North, and the economic connection between the North a.. .