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The Literary Response to Racism in Heart of Darkness, A Grain of Wheat, and also a little place Racism and prejudice can be considered both social and individual phenomena, developed and illustrated in all levels of society; from government policy through organizational arrangements, inter-group and interpersonal interactions to intra-personal attitudes and feelings. Media and literature respond to these perceptions and have participate in shaping the feelings and attitudes of society. The novels "Heart of Darkness" by Joseph Conrad, "A Grain of Wheat" by Ngugi wa Thiong'o, and Jamaica Kincaid's essay "A little place" represent a literary reaction to the insidious instrument of racism in colonial and postcolonial history. Racism has generally been reflected by structural inequalities rooted in history and been perpetuated over time. The belief that one set was poor to another was essential so as to warrant the process of dispossessing indigenous bands of the land through colonization. The colonial powers instituted and maintained differentials between different cultural and ethnic groups by parceling out admission to employment or education, and by restricting access to legislation enforcement and healthcare. All these inequalities therefore served to emphasize difference rather than similarity among the colonized and the colonizer, thus reinforcing stereotypes of superiority or inferiority. The practices and policies were aimed to signify a belief which the dominant culture is the "normal" one, which served as a benchmark where all else might be judged. Ngugi wa Thiong'o is an African post-colonialist writer who portrays his expertise of colonial racism in the native's view. In his novel A Grain of Wheat, he picture...