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Introduction The organizational and management approaches which are used by various firms play a vital role in their own functionality. The adopted management strategy is important due to the fact that it determines the efficiency with which tasks have been done. The organizational structure of the company on the other hand determines the delegation and program of authority. The organizational structure is manufactured by the direction. The construction facilitates successful interaction among employees and assists in directing funds towards achieving the goals of the business. The behavior of employees can also be affected by the management and organizational approach (Mullins 3). Thus a company will only be successful if it adopts the ideal management and organizational approach. This paper will concentrate on assessing two management methods namely, technical and scientific theories of direction. Scientific Management Theory This theory focuses on the analysis and synthesis of both workflows. Its primary purpose is to improve efficiency within an organization. In order to reach this aim, the theory suggests that scientific principles should be used in designing processes and handling employees. This concept was created by вЂњFredrick Taylor from the 1880s and 1890s inside the manufacturing industryвЂќ (Cook and Hunsacker 34). The theory has been highly influential in the 1910s as the very best management style. However, by 1920s it began to lose its popularity as new management ideas and theories emerged. The contemporary organizational techniques and management personalities borrow these concepts from the scientific strategy. The theories include вЂњlogic, efficacy, mass production, rationalization, work ethic and standardization of best practi...