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Surrounded to the East by Limestone walls and stretching its arm northward to mat at Lake Okeechobee that the Everglades cover almost 4,000 kilometers of the southern Florida peninsula. Primarily consisting of marshes and sloughs the region is home to a array of surroundings as well as a rich biodiversity. The real wonder of this everglades however is its age. Only 5,000 years ago the area was significantly different and timidly arid. The erratic climate and geologic change has been producing this once in a lifetime oasis that may shortly be gone. First inhabited by the Calusa the area now called the Everglades is enormously different from the first time humans found it. The bare land underwent very little rain and could support a minimum amount of plant (McCally 1999) That led early settlers to make homes on the more lending western banks. While the thought of a sterile southern Florida seems impossible the process where it became underwater is straightforward. Because of FloridaвЂ™s exceptional bedrock the peninsula was submerged several times throughout its geologic history. The period of time during which a wetland is covered by water is also referred to as a Hydroperiod. These Hydroperiod have occurred several times and presented with a differing ecosystem. The majority of the Everglades were re-submerged into the place where it remains today (Bentsson et al., 2012). Around 10,000 years ago the sea level rose and soaked a lot of the Lower Peninsula while raise the groundwater table. Fresh water then began to gradually erode the limestone owing to the porous nature. The subtropical lava formations grown between 25 million and 70 million decades ago during the Cenozoic period of time and created an Aquifer, which serves as a principal source of fresh water to get...