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Transaction Logs and Focus Groups as Data Collection Approaches Essay

Project id 1005117
Subject area Arts Entertainment
Document type Essay
Words 1426
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Research in Library Science is conducted in several regions covering numerous questions, but something shared is data collection. Qualitative and quantitative data to encourage the query at hand are necessary to validate the needs or happening or tendencies (Wildemuth, 2009). Transaction logs and focus groups are two valuable data collection methods. Transaction Logs Every time a person logs on and begins to work with a computer in the library, then different types of information have been automatically accumulated into trade logs (Jansen, 2006). Sullenger (1997) recommends transaction logs "be examined by librarians to analyze just how patrons use the catalogue, what attributes they're using, and also to find out what areas of hunting are problematic" (p. 21). Data may also be gathered on "items viewed, sessions, site penetration; time online, customers (trace signs of, not personal information), navigational information" (Nicholas, Huntington, Jamali & Tenopir, 2006, p. 121). These data bits offer helpful info on utilization patterns (Das & Turkoglu, 2009). Transaction logs can be produced in two ways. The first is by the server's side. These logs include data normally already gathered on in-house. Data may also arise client-side using a specifically-written software to collect from your participants' computers (Wildemuth, 2009). The former is more often used due to the wealth of information and less-costly capabilities. Jansen (2006) refers to a three step procedure of using transaction logs: data set for any particular period of time, preparing the data, and data analysis. He further divides research into three components: term, question, and session. A major benefit to using transaction logs is that this is data already collected and waiting to.

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