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Psychoanalytical Criticism of Lady Macbeth Essay

Project id 1004223
Subject area Arts Entertainment
Document type Essay
Words 1651
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Psychoanalytical criticism is a form of literary review, which utilizes some of the methods of psychoanalysis in the interpretation of literature. The purpose of this article would be to use Psychoanalytical criticism whilst assessing Lady Macbeth's role in William Shakespeare's play Macbeth. However, before I begin my examination of Lady Macbeth's character, I feel that concept of psychoanalytical concept needs some introduction. Among the more prevalent Psychoanalytical theorists after Freud has been Jacques Lacan. Cristina Leon Alfar's essay "'Blood Will Have Blood': Power, Performance, and Lady Macbeth's Gender Trouble," provides a meticulous analysis of Lacan's psychoanalytical theory. Alfar asserts that the idea of both sexes is based on the male "with" and the female "being" that the phallus. These two differences determine the relations between the genders and the phallus governs the male/female cultural roles. Alfar adds that men have electricity and she states that: "Male dominance and female obedience and passivity become naturalized during this symbolic bifurcation" (183). Therefore, according to Lacanian theory, the phallus for men represent power, authority, and desire while for females the phallus suggests lack of electricity and service (Alfar 182). One other important text to refer while researching psychoanalytical concept is Lacan's "The Agency of the Letter in the Unconscious or Reason since Freud." In this text, Lacan made three different categories to explain the transformation from infant to adulthood, namely desire, need, and want and tagged these 3 psychoanalytic orders, as the imaginary, the symbolic and the actual point. Lacan explains that one facet of the symbolic stage is made from the concept of this "Other," a.. .

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