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Literature allows people to experience and understand life's lessons through text. Among the most frequently used literary devices is irony. Irony can be described as the gap between reality and appearance, or when a reader anticipates or assumes one thing and the opposite is true. It allows a writer to participate and surprise the audience, which often also teaches an important lesson. Two classic examples of irony through literature are Oedipus the King by Sophocles and The Story of an Hour by Kate Chopin. From the play Oedipus the King, Sophocles uses dramatic irony for the political and ethical education of society. Dramatic irony is contingent on the audience's knowledge of something which the character does not know. Throughout this drama Oedipus is searching for his identity, the answers to his questions are visible to the crowd the entire time, although maybe not to Oedipus. The knowledge of his true fate also empowers the audience to see his errors made from his blindness to the signs that foretell his passing. At the start of the first act, the citizens of Thebes are begging their king because of his aid to lift the plague which is assaulting the town. Creon, Oedipus' brother-in-law, includes news from the Oracle that in order to stop the plague they must solve the murder of Laius, the king before Oedipus. Then summoned from the king Tiresias the blind prophet accuses Oedipus himself of the murders. Jocasta, the queen, tells him to dismiss the prophecies. She then said that once she was advised that her son would kill Laius, which may not come true because they abandoned their kid to die. This news starts to haunt Oedipus, who was advised by an oracle when he had been a boy he would kill his father and marry his mother. From the conclusion of the drama Oedipus l.. .