Get help with any kind of assignment - from a high school essay to a PhD dissertation
Theories of child development have been researched and released over the years. These experiments have been done by popular theorists four of whom are Piaget (1896 --1980), Vygotsky (1896 --1934), Ausubel (1918 --2008) and Kohlberg (1927 --1987). First and foremost I want to specify the term concept. A concept is a selection of associated statements; the primary purpose of which is to summarize and clarify observations. It is in a way an invention designed to make sense of what we know or suspect. Developmental theory on the other hand is a systematic statement of principles and generalizations which provides a coherent framework for understanding why and how people change as they grow older. The author in her article will summarize two theories of development Lawrence Kohlberg and Jean Piaget who talked about the cognitive and ethical development . Lawrence Kohlberg as the primary theorist being summarized is the American Psychologist who wrote in his study what are now called stages of ethical development. Moral development as defined by is the process whereby children develop appropriate attitudes and behavior towards other men and women in society, based on cultural and social norms, rules, and legislation. These phases are planes of moral adequacy conceived to describe the growth of moral reasoning. This was made while he was studying psychology at the University of Chicago, as a consequence of the inspiration of this work of Jean Piaget. Kohlberg's theory contains three degrees (Pre-conventional, Conventional and Post-Conventional) and six phases Obedience and Punishment, here the kid focus on pursuing concrete curiosity, while preventing sanctions. Individualism and instrumental goal, this is where what's right is what's fair. You do your...