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Allegory of Faith by Johannes Vermeer The painting, Allegory of Faith, positioned in the Metropolitan Museum of Artwork, was made by the Dutch Baroque painter Johannes Vermeer. This study of the painting will concentrate on the subject matter, composition, and the symbolic meaning of the painting with regards to the Catholic faith, and also the controversy surrounding the achievement of the painting among contemporary critics. The characteristic Baroque qualities of the painting will become illuminated through comparison with types of Dutch 17th century paintings, Vermeer’s other works, and an evaluation of his painting technique and style. The Allegory of Faith is considered to be one of Vermeer’s least successful works by some innovative art historians.<<1 Edward Snow. A REPORT of Vermeer (Berkley: University of California Press, 1979) 110. >> The painting includes a large, pale skinned girl, whose one foot is normally resting on a world while she’s staring nowhere specifically in what seems to become a state of ecstasy. <<2 Anthony Bailey. Vermeer: A View of Delft (NY: Henry Holt, 2001) 179.>> Her still left arm is definitely lying on what appears like an altar with a gold chalice, an open up Bible, and a crucifix, while her right hands is holding her still left breast. <<3 Bailey 179>> On the marble ground there can be an apple with a bite removed from it plus a snake crushed by some masonry. <<4 Bailey 179>> There exists a curtain hanging unconvincingly against a seat and a cup sphere hanging from the ceiling.<<5 Snow 110>> Finally, on the wall structure in the backdrop, hangs a painting of the Crucifixion, which has been determined as a ongoing work by Jacob Jordaens, a Flemish painter. <<6 Bailey 179>> The Allegory of Faith was perhaps painted for the Catholic chaplain in The Hague, Pere Leon, though it were left with a Protestant collector before it had been sold. <<7 Bailey 179>> However, the work could have most likely been better titled Allegory of the Catholic Faith.<<8 Daniel Arasse. Vermeer: Faith In Painting (NJ: Princeton University Press, 1994) 84.>> The reason being its primary function is most surely to become a representation of faith as described by the Roman Catholic Church. <<9 Arasse 84>> The cup sphere, mounted on the ceiling by a ribbon, for instance, was taken.