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Despite the availability of advanced modern day technologies for moving files globally, the fax machine, a technology developed way back in 1843, has been persist in homes and offices now. Considering how this technology is more than a century , it should have already combined the telegraphs and pagers in antique shops by now. Surprisingly however, instead of going obsolete, fax machines have continued to evolve, adapt and conform to the needs of contemporary telecommunications. The fax machine had already made its mark as an office workhorse back in the 1980s, and has continued to appear on business cards since! Although threatened by far more advanced and preferable technologies like scanners, printers and email, the facsimile machine proceeds to overtake extinction by evolving constantly and remaining popular. Fax Machine's Share in the History of Communications Alexander Bain, a Scottish mechanic, invented the fax machine or 'fax' in 1843 in Britain. Bain patented this technology in 1843. Bain's fax machine utilized a stylus attached to a pendulum that scanned an image or text on a metal surface. The machine employed by Bain was a combination of many clock components that functioned in sync with a telegraph machine. The fax system moved encoded picture data through telegraph lines. Evolution of the Facsimile The oldest fax machine used telegraph lines to transmit data. This machine however did not gain significant ground in the time of its beginning, and people soon abandoned it due to its bulky size and limited utility. The creation of the telephone revived using fax machines , which subsequently used telephone lines for transmission. Later on, these machines may also transmit information.