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Historical Background Having spent his childhood most peacefully, Niccolo Machiavelli, the terrific Italian philosopher witnessed Italy's country of decadence and intense political battle in his adulthood. The then Italy wasn't a unified country instead, it was an accumulation of city-states, every using its own court and ruler, all of them trying to addition control over the others. Italy wasn't just an area of domestic intrigue but also a battleground for the force-ravenous French, the Spanish, the Germans and the Catholic Church under the power of the popes. The key cities like that of Florence, Milan, Naples and Venice fought fire with fire to be able to establish their control over Italy. Every one of these forces endeavoured to seek after a method of playing the various powers off of one other, however they similarly inhabited with less fair practices, for example shakedown along with savagery. The year 1494 saw the expulsion of this despotic family of Medici who'd ruled Florence for years and also observed the growth of Girolamo Savonarola, a Dominican religious zealot who acceded to the throne soon thereafter. Much being known for his criticism of the leadership of the Church, Savonarola's reign was anathematized at 1497 by Pope Alexander VI. No sooner after the yield of Machiavelli into Florence, Italy has been invaded by Charles VIII of France --this being among the earliest of several French invasions that would occur during Machiavelli's lifetime. Machiavelli entered the Florentine authorities when he switched twenty five and got the opportunity to satisfy the best envoys of his period -- Pope Alexander and Kind Louis XII. Although both Pope Alexander and King Louis XII affected Machiavelli's thoughts, it had been that the contested of Cesare Bo...