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A Synopsis of the Ethics of Confucianism In contrast to Western philosophy, Chinese thought viewpoints man as but a single, though vital portion of the intricacy of nature. The Chinese have aspired to attain harmony with nature as a source of religious satisfaction. Life is not a transitory phenomenon, however actual, viewed and appreciated for its beauty and sequence. They, i.e. beauty and order, are decorative entities and are to be cherished and savored in life. Man and nature are in a mutual connection, thus affecting each other. Just as the forces of nature may deliver bliss but also tragedy, so can guy upset the delicate equilibrium by his misdeeds. Heaven (the supernatural universe), Earth and guy constitute one and indivisible unity. No boundaries between the three exist. Man must do his part, by conforming to natural law. When he does so, society enjoys peace and tranquility. When he transgresses, Heaven and nature are disturbed, the intricate relationships break down, and consequently calamities follow. The preceding is characteristic of an attitude in which Confucian ethics is embedded. The source of desire for harmony lies in prehistoric times, and gave rise to cosmology and philosophy. The Fourth Century B.C. saw the introduction of new ideas, which encompass two principles representing the 2 modes of primeval energy: the yang and the ying. The former is the positive and masculine, the latter is the negative and feminine. (This is a really simplistic characterization, on which I can elaborate if desired.) While such concepts aren't unique in themselves, in oriental thinking however they complement one another. (In contrast to the dualism such as light and dark or good and evil, in Zoroastrianism for instance, in which the...